Sunday, May 24, 2020
John Lewis is a chain of upmarket store operating throughout United Kingdom and owned by John Lewis Partnership. John Lewis is the largest retailer in the UK and started trading in 1864 on London1s Oxford Street and a growing online business (John Lewis, 2016). The John Lewis Partnership is unique: itÃ¢â¬â¢s the UKÃ¢â¬â¢s largest example of co-ownership and its activities are governed by a principles-based Constitution (John , 2016). John Lewis Partnership owns the leading retail business of Waitrose and John Lewis, as well as John Lewis Broadband (provided by Plusnet plc) and John Lewis Insurance services (John , 2016). . The competitiveness of John Lewis is influenced by the changes in different external environmental factors, which includes Politics, Economic, Social, Technology, Environment and Legal. Task 1 The competitiveness is influenced by the changes of Technology. Technology is/and still playing a vital role in any business. The growth of online selling in the UK and the world has led to large increase in its online sales. The raising numbers of people, who own computers, smartphones and tablets; and having access to internet which has a high positive impact for their online sales. As there is an increase in demand of new technology, developments of new tablets, computers are rising in popularity and John Lewis sells a wide range of these. For John Lewis to keep up with the demands of their customers they had to move in-line with the recent development of newShow MoreRelatedCompetitive Environment And Maintaining Customer Relationships1677 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesvital for a business to know enough about their customers and to know the wants and needs of the customers. Britain s largest employee-owned retailer, the John Lewis Partnership owns Waitrose, a chain of British supermarkets, which comprise the food retail division of the Partnership. As of 2016, Waitrose has 336 branches across the United Kingdom, which is 5.3% share of the market, making Waitrose the sixth-largest grocery retailer in the UK. When the retail industry is considered globally, it isRead MoreTesco s And Selection, Personality And Finally Motivation1789 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesorganisations which are TescoÃ¢â¬â¢s and John Lewis. I will be discussing the different types of key theories and practises used in each of the business and how they have helped the business to become successful. The three key areas that this assignment will be based upon are Recruitment and Selection, Personality and finally Motivation. TescoÃ¢â¬â¢s was first found in 1919 by Jack Cohen since the it has grown in to the largest supermarket retailer in the United Kingdom which also operates in fourteen otherRead MoreSecondary Research3401 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesthey have a gap in their market. I feel that adding a food hall to their chain of stores would be successful. This could potentially be very risky for the business as it means they are entering a market they donÃ¢â¬â¢t really have any experience in with products they arenÃ¢â¬â¢t used to. The food halls will not be an extension onto the existing stores; they will be a completely different brand, following in the footsteps of John Lewis and Waitrose. Though, it wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be completely rebranded Ã¢â¬â I will still useRead MoreOnline Grocery Business10398 Words Ã |Ã 42 Pagesof B2C e-commerce in the grocery business: fulfillment center and fulfillment process. The case will also describe ASDAÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts in overcoming problems with their home-sh opping fulfillment model and present important elements of ASDA.comÃ¢â¬â¢s virtual store and its operation. The paper concludes with the challenges that ASDA.com has been facing, their current status, and future prospects. Keywords: B2C e-commerce; digital economy; distribution channels; e-business; e-commerce expansion; e-commerce implementation;e-commerceRead MoreCase Study148348 Words Ã |Ã 594 Pagesstored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without either the prior written permission of the Publishers or a licence permitting restricted copying in the United Kingdom issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd., Saffron House, 6-10 Kirby Street, London EC1N 8TS. This book may not be lent, resold, hired out or otherwise disposed of by way of trade in any form of binding or cover other than that in which itRead MoreMarketing Management130471 Words Ã |Ã 522 Pages3. Marketing concept s 3.4. The Marketing Mix (The 4 P s Of Marketing) 3.5. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Ethics in Marketing 4. Have you understood type questions 5. Summary 6. Exercises 7. References 1. INTRODUCTION: The apex body in United States of America for the Marketing functions, American Marketing Association (AMA) defines marketing as Ã¢â¬Å"Marketing consists of those activities involved in the flow of goods and services from the point of production to the point of consumption.
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
The Future of Enlightenment Balpreet Palha 214985881 Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of HUMA 1910, York University Mark Terry, TAÃ¢â¬ ¨ Tutorial # 3 Enlightenment was a prevalent topic in the 18th century. In 1784 Kant, Immanuel wrote An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment?. In which Kant sheds light on the distinction between public and private reason using many different instances. Kant proposes that public use of freedom is essential for enlightenment, but says the private reason is not as useful as public. Similarly, this paper will argue that public freedom can more effectively lead to enlightenment, but private reasoning can also lead to enlightenment using present day examples, comparing past and present circumstances and indulging into the outcome of both private and public reasons. Kant explains, Ã¢â¬Å"Enlightenment is manÃ¢â¬â¢s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity. Immaturity is the inability to use oneÃ¢â¬â¢s understanding without guidance from anotherÃ¢â¬ (Kant, 35). Although immaturity in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s linguistic language is thought of as being irresponsible or childish, Kant however uses immaturity to describe the incapability to be able to think on your own. Additionally Kant explains that an immature person becomes so dependent on others to make his decisions that he overlooks thinking for himself. Kant uses an analogy of restrained animals, like cattle and how they Ã¢â¬Å"will not dare take a single step without go-cart to which theyShow MoreRelatedThe Age Of Enlightenment And The Scientific Revolution1675 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessocial norms and scientific advances. Although the industrial revolution and the scientific revolution represented a giant leap forward in human development, the Age of Enlightenment delivered the greatest influen ce for the future American society and planted the way for cultural and humanistic enrichment. The Age of the Enlightenment raised new concepts in education, democracy, and human freedom. The new humanistic philosophy promoted the polish of the human intelligence and made education a longingRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem The Fountain 963 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesworld of The fountain, there are three planes of existence which correlate to the past, present, and future/consciousness. Darren Aronofsky intertwines these three times periods creating a nonlinear perspective of time, but it is in line with the general plot of the movie. Aronofsky wants the viewer to link the time periods together where the past is the story depicted in the book, and the future can be seen as his consciousness. A character that stays apparent in these settings is Izzi. IzziRead MoreThe Enlightenment and the Emergence of Free Thinkers Essay781 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Enlightenment brought a wave of new t hought and information into a society dominated by one controlling force: The Church. This final authority over the people in these dark times controlled them with religious dogma and powerful Ã¢â¬Å"suggestiveÃ¢â¬ power over their state leaders. Being the largest and richest organization in the world for centuries gave The Church the ability to squash any free thinkers. Before the printing press, the majority of the educated and literate were the christian monksRead MoreThe Enlightenment : The Greatest Impact Of The Enlightenment945 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswould be very different if the Enlightenment did not occur in the 18th century. With people like Immanuel Kant, Baron de Montesquieu, and John Locke, the Enlightenment was one of the most revolutionary events to ever occur. For example, Immanuel Kant explored human experiences, Montesquieu believed that there should be three branches of government, and John Locke believed in the social contract and the ability to own life, li berty and property. The ideas of the Enlightenment drastically changed the worldRead MoreEssay about Kants Views on Enlightenment505 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesKants Views on Enlightenment The best summary of Kants view of Enlightenment lies in the first paragraph of his essay An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment?: Sapere Aude. Translated dare to know, the phrase is the motto of enlightenment. For Kant, enlightenment means rising from the self-imposed stupor which substitutes obedience for reason and which atrophies mans ability to think for himself and develop his natural capacities. Laziness and cowardice prevent man fromRead MoreThe French Revolution And The Enlightenment1471 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesof the French Revolution sparked by philosophies of Enlightenment, will impact the future. Historical figures such as Robespierre heading the Great Assembly will drive change in culture through the revolution, in hopes of achieving enlightened societies. The 18th century marks the beginning of modern history. The French revolution playing a role in furthering Enlightenment, will led to a chain of events that will change the course of the future and moderniz e the world through the intellectual andRead MoreAn Analysis of Candide Story by Voltaire1347 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Candide or OptimismÃ¢â¬ was written in the enlightenment era. Voltaire story is published in The Norton Anthology of Western Literature. VoltaireÃ¢â¬â¢s character, Pangolss, is a philosopher who teaches about God morals. Pangolss is also a mentor to Candide, who is the main character of the novel. Candide has a good heart but is also feel s very hopeless in life. Pangloss takes Candide under his wing and teaches him that Ã¢â¬Å"best of all possible worlds.Ã¢â¬ The enlightenment movement is seen closely in VoltaireRead MoreEssay on Life and its Quest: Personal Experience917 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesgood or bad. Thus, no two people will have the same quest because every person is unique and will have a different life. There are an infinite amount of paths and choices that one can take, and that is what makes the quest in life worthwhile. Enlightenmen t in this sense is not knowing all about the world, but is rather finding an inner peace and happiness with oneself and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life by gaining new experiences. My father was the very person who opened up this view of life to my eyes. As a childRead MoreThe Objectivity Of The Enlightenment1156 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe objectivity of the enlightenment, which explains everything through mathematical and scientific laws, is in itself the impediment within progress because to detach the emotional aspect of reason within rationale results in fragmented knowledge; it is only when both realms of knowledge and emotion intertwine within the genius that progression will readily manifest and prosper in ratiocination. While certain personas and events in Arcadia typify Enlightenment characterization, others depict characterizationRead MoreBuddhism : Then And Now1035 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshe saw it, there was no point in life if there was so much suffering. At age 29, Siddhartha set out into the world to find enlightenment. After a 6 year journey, after meditation, starvation, and torture, Siddhartha finally received his enlightenment. He was meditating under the Bodhi Tree in Bodh Gaya, India, and said he would not move until he gained perfect enlightenment. Devaputra Mara, demon of all demons brought an army of his kind to disturb Siddhartha during his meditation. When that did
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The following dissertation guide seeks to investigate how wireless mobile communication technology could be implemented in rural areas of Nigeria, to help assist Public Health concerns. Background research The history of Nigeria dates back to 9000 years BCE. Beyond the slavery, postcolonial British rule, instability and civil wars, a democratic rule is now at the centre of AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s most populated country . We will write a custom essay sample on Dissertation Guide on Wireless Mobile Communication Technology in Nigeria or any similar topic only for you Order Now With a population of approximately 140 million peoples and an area almost spanning 1 million kilometres squared, although English is the official national language, regional languages still remain and are spoken across Nigeria. Languages including Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba, reflect the four main groups of which the population of Nigeria are subdivided; inNorth Africa, Hausa and Fulani, in the southwest Yoruba and the Igbo in the southeast . There are 37 federal states inNigeria, with Abuja as the State Federal Capital, situated at the epicentre of Nigeria. A project of the public health foundation of Nigeria was set up with the primary objective to reenergise Nigerian Health communities and bridge relations with the health sector to improve health for Nigerians nationwide . Numerous communication systems involving wireless communication for use in transmitting voice, video and data in local or wide areas have evolved within the last century including such things as wireless local area networks, multidirectional wireless cellular systems, wireless bridges and satellite communication systems . Two companies Zain and the internationally renound Ericsson companies have collaborated with the United Nations into Nigeria, with the aim of alleviating poverty and bring a sense of autonomy to rural people in Nigeria. With the advent of the Ã¢â¬Å"Millennium Village ProjectÃ¢â¬ the future looks bright for the health of rural communities in Nigeria. References  Falola, Toyin; Heaton, Matthew M. A history of Nigeria. Cambridge University Press. (2008).  http://www.trust.org/alertnet/country-profiles/nigeria/  http://www.citypopulation.de/Nigeria.html#Land  http://www.phfn.org/  Encyclopedia of Wireless and MobileCommunications. Editor, Borko Furht. 2008. ISBN: 978-1-4200-4326-6 (hardback) 978-1-4200-5562-7 (electronic)  http://www.itnewsafrica.com/?p=2678 Core issues that shall be addressed in the literature review: Four main areas shall be the focal point of this review. 1) Federal Republic of Nigeria- country profile including; government, GDP, geography area, people; languages, population density, population growth, races/religions/tribes, poverty fraction. 2) Health system in Nigeria Ã¢â¬â with emphasis on Public health, history of public health inNigeria, how it was set up, development since, management programmes 3) Access to public health for remote and rural communities Ã¢â¬â, what is considered a Ã¢â¬Å"remote communityÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â choosing two/three regions, take an in depth look at the measures adopted to ensure patients in these areas have access to the health system. Is the health they receive different from that of other area such as the Capital Abuja, how is it different and what are the reasons for them. 4) Wireless Mobile Communication technology Ã¢â¬â What is itWhen was it invented, potential uses, how it has been utilised so far and in what circumstances. How will it be implemented into public health programmes, costs involved, what effects (positive/negative) will it have on the social and medical outlook for these remote regions. How to cite Dissertation Guide on Wireless Mobile Communication Technology in Nigeria, Essays
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Good Management Of A Help Desk. Answer: Introduction A helpdesk refers on an organization which provides for a single point of contact for all users who are need or who require technical support (Beisse, 2015). A help desk is aimed at enhancing client satisfaction through efficiently and effectively resolving any pertinent questions and problems. That apart, it is important to note that another one of the primary focus of a help desk is actually to serve its customers and also collect the contacts of their customers. One of the significant features that are required in the effective or good management of a help desk is good information technology (IT) skills. This implies that help desk agents must therefore be well conversant with not only operating systems, hardware, and application software. That apart, in order to ensure the effective management of any helpdesk, then it is prudent to ensure that help desk agents not only have web and internet expertise but they also have the relevant network experience and skills that can enable them to effectively deal with customers in the organization (Williams et al, 2016). That apart, a comprehension of the information systems as well as the business perspectives will greatly enable people at the help desk to deliver efficient or good services to all the stakeholders in their respective organizations. An Excellent Reporting System This is also of the significant or key features in the efficient or good management of a help desk. This is quite true since the reporting system is actually one of the excellent features which are attributed to the help desk (Conger, 2015). This is quite true since it is tasked with the responsibility of reporting how much time was actually spend on customer inquiry as well as the specific people who were involved. Having an excellent reporting system is an important feature in the efficient or good management of a help desk because it permits for advanced and effective communication between employees and clients using proper channels such as emails, chats, and even automated phone follow ups (SB Bala, 2014). Having an excellent reporting system will also ensure that spam blockers are put in place. The issue of spam in the inbox is actually one of the significant problems which are faced by big organizations. Having much spam in the inbox makes it difficult for people in the help desk to go through the emails. This thus implies that the selection of an excellent reporting system means that the helpdesk will not only have the best customer support but it also implies that only genuine emails will be reflected in the inbox (Beisse, 2014). It can therefore be truly asserted that having excellent customer support and helpdesk support is quite essential for not only small and medium enterprises but also for large organizations because it will guarantee better and efficient help desk and business operations for an organization. It is important to note that having a good and effective management of a help desk truly offers both faster and unique solutions to customers and other organizational stakeholders thus earning their trusts highly. Presentation to Senior Management and Help Desk Team Leaders at Wombatphone Mobile Phone Company Owing to the fact that Wombatphones reputation has indeed gone from bad to worse, it is important that corrective action is taken in order to remedy the situation and restore its lost glory (Czegel, 2015). This implies that there should be a stop in the rude treatment of customers by the agents and ensures that such agents do not actually provide any misleading or wrong information to the companys organization. The revamping of the help desk for Wombatphone will be quite critical for the organization because not only will lead to the retention of its customers but it will also help in attracting of new customers thus making the organization to attain high profitability. Improving support services and maintaining standards at Wombatphone Company In order to ensure that support services and standards are maintained at Wombatphone Company, it is important to ensure that all agents are retrained on how they can enhance their communication skills so that they can effectively handle the companys customers in a courteous manner. That apart, it is prudent to ensure that the employees in the organization are made aware of the importance of not only improving themselves through having better or enhanced communication skills, but also inform them on how they will be trained and how the measurement of their achievements shall be done (De Voort et al, 2014). Communication is an important aspect in each and every organization and thus it is prudent to ensure all agents are well trained. It is quite important for agents to become aware of the call wait times and problem resolution skills (Laudon Laudon, 2016). The call wait times will make agents become aware of the maximum waiting period that customers will have to wait while knowing how best to resolve problems in the organization will help an organization to have lesser problems among all stakeholders. References Azeta, A. A., Omoregbe, N. A., Gberevbie, D. E., Ikpefan, O. A., Ayo, C. K., Misra, S., Williams, J. T. (2016). Motivating Effective Ict Userssupport Through Automated Mobile Edu-Helpdesk System. International Journal Of Pharmacy Technology. Beisse, F. (2014). A guide to computer user support for help desk and support specialists. Nelson Education. Beisse, F. (2015). Computer User Support for help Desk and Support Specialists. New York: Cengage Learning. Chowdhury, S., Schulz, E., Milner, M., Van De Voort, D. (2014). Core employee based human capital and revenue productivity in small firms: An empirical investigation. Journal of Business Research, 67(11), 2473-2479. Conger, S. (2015). Six sigma and business process management. In Handbook on Business Process Management 1 (pp. 127-146). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Czegel, B. (2015). Help desk practitioner's handbook. John Wiley Sons. Laudon, K. C., Laudon, J. P. (2016). Management information system. Pearson Education India. SB, P., Bala, E. S. (2014). Role of Information Technology in Effective Implementation of Customer Relationship Management. Journal ofMarketing Communication, 9(3).
Wednesday, April 1, 2020
Introduction In the recent past, there has been a shifting paradigm from TaylorÃ¢â¬â¢s model of organizational management to more productive methods of production. The new methods aim at increasing production through efficient management of human and capital resources. A number of scholars have conducted extensive research to establish the effects of various managerial techniques on the performance of employees.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Performance Management Analysis specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Some researchers note that task formulation is the most notable aspect of management, whereas others observe that the availability of human resources is the crucial factor that influences the performance of the management team. However, scholars concur that three factors are essential as far as the best managerial practices are concerned. One of the factors is production management while the other is the or ganization of work. In addition, the relationship between various groups in the organization influences the performance of employees. Scholars agree that a new model of management should be applied in case the organization is to achieve high results. The new model must incorporate the tenets of neo-liberalism into its productivity structures. Currently, scholars focus on exploring the new management dynamics that relate to post-Ford model of production. Scholars in the UK and the US perceive that the model should be adopted in order to enhance productivity in organizations. However, changing the work structure has micro and macro implications. Scholars of political economy and ethnographic sociology have posted their findings on the topic given its importance in the performance of organizations. This paper reviews a number of articles in order to shed some light on the topic. Views of Various Scholars on Post-Ford Production Model As earlier noted, scholars have posted various views regarding the management models in the current managerial systems. Their views can be categorized into a number of models. Under high performance work systems model, scholars such as Danford and Thompson have contributed enormously in enriching the topic. Handel and Gittleman are some of the scholars who have contributed to the development of high-performance work practices model. Ashton and Sung have conducted extensive research to establish the influence of high-performance work on organizations.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More A number of scholars have also discussed the issue of high involvement in detail. Some have talked about high involvement work systems while others stick to high involvement work practices. Harmon is one such scholar who talks about high involvement work systems while Fuertes and Sanchez capitalize their study on high involvement practices. The is sue of high involvement management is also of importance to scholars. Forth and Millward are some of the scholars who analyze the relationship between high involvement practices and the management strategies. Scholars such as Brown and Reich have postulated their findings regarding the relationship between high performance and employment systems. High commitment management is another model employed in analyzing the performance of employees. Baird, Whitefield, and Poole are some of the scholars who have posted their findings on commitment management model. Danford (2004) notes that the idea of high performance work systems is a mechanistic model that does not take into account the demands of human beings. He conducted a study on JetCo manufacturing company and came up with a number of suggestions. The company had a number of efficient practices at the start, but ended up with practices that were unpleasant to the workforce. The company had prolific initiatives aimed at improving the quality of production. The introduction of team leaders created tension among employees, which lowered the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s productivity. Employees perceived that their views were not given serious attention. On his part, Thompson (2003) notes that a significant factor regarding high performance work systems is reciprocity. In this regard, employers have a responsibility of ensuring that they develop trust and commitment towards employees. Therefore, the employer is charged with the responsibility of ensuring that the employee is provided with adequate training and efficient reward system. However, Thomson admits that employers in the neo-liberal economy are unable to fulfill the wishes of employees due to the challenges posed by the economy. On high performance work practices, Handel and Gittleman (2004) criticize the model by observing that it does not create a working relationship between workers and employers. The model is only known to increase wages. Therefore, the new model of h igh performance management is simply aimed at benefitting an individual, but does not increase productivity in the organization.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Performance Management Analysis specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Ashton and Sung (2002) assert that it is proven scientifically that a strong relationship between human resource practices and improved performance exist. In particular, the relationship is strong in matters related to profitability and productivity. Therefore, the two scholars suggest that performance practices are closely related to the skills acquired by the employee. The relationship serves to strengthen the effectiveness and efficiency of the organization. However, the scholars caution that the model is only applicable to certain industries. This means that the model does not solve managerial problems in all scenarios. Harmon (2003) conducted a research to explore the efficiency of th e American health care sector. In the study, a conclusion was drawn suggesting that a relationship between high performance management and employee efficiency existed. The study can be interpreted to mean that high involvement work systems are related to financial aspects. Fuertes and Sanchez (2003) extend the works of Harmon by observing that some factors motivate employers to adopt certain models. Employers calculate the benefits of the model before adopting it. Employers might prefer using less costly strategies, as opposed to using strategies that would drain their resources. Employers do not prefer some of the practices, such as rewarding employees with financial benefits because they eat up their profits. Employers prefer using non-financial rewards to appreciate their employees, such as awarding a promotion. Forth and Millward (2004) assert that high performance management is a concept that cannot be neglected given its effectiveness and influence on the performance of the or ganization. They further observe that all management practices are related to the high performance management model in one way or the other. Forth and Millward note that the high performance management model might be interrupted by deregulation of financial markets. Organizations in the modern financial markets go through a number of challenges that make it hard for employers to implement high performance management models.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Competition in the market is stiff implying that employers are concerned with sustaining market competition, not enhancing structural organization of firms. Brown and Reich (1999) conducted a study on one of the Australian manufacturing companies. The company formulated a number of strategies aimed at improving the performance of the organization. The firm emphasized on team building, development of staff, and training. The firm adjusted its policies that focused on TaylorÃ¢â¬â¢s model to reflect modern managerial practices. Efficient planning and role allocation were some of the new strategies employed by the firm. The new tactics improved the performance of the organization in a number of ways. Whitefield and Poole (1997) observe that high commitment management is a highly sensitive issue. Therefore, it must be handled carefully. The main concern of employers is to increase production and organize work. The scholars note that before talking about performance management, the caus es of perennial problems in the organization must be handled. The above scholars suggest that organizations utilize their competitive advantages in the market to formulate innovative practices. The researchers conclude that implementation of high performance managerial practices generate new techniques that improve the performance of the organization. High performance management strategies are extremely costly, but their outcomes are productive. In this regard, they observe that high performance management models must produce high results for them to be maintained. In a study conducted in Europe, it was established that organizations with comprehensive new work practices tended to have high training needs. Regarding high commitment management, Baird (2002) notes that all stakeholders in the organization must be consulted before formulating any policy. Through consultative forum, the organization utilizes its resources in the most cost effective way. Moreover, embracing dialogue help s the firm in achieving its competitive advantage in the market. The role of professionals in the organization is to ensure social bonding and commitment to the new techniques of production. Conclusions Model managerial theories suggest that the work place is the main learning institution that enhances the capacity of employees. Older models suggest that employees are expected to join organizations when they are already equipped with adequate knowledge from colleges and universities. Things have since changed in the modern society. For instance, the works of modern scholars suggest that teamwork is one of the most crucial aspects of management. Employees are expected to be given chances to explore their potentials in the organization. This implies that employers are expected to allow some flexibility that permits sovereignty. References Ashton, D., Sung, J. (2002). Supporting Workplace Learning for High Performance Working. Geneva: International Labor Office. Baird, M. (2002). Chan ges, Dangers, Choice and Voice: Understanding What High Commitment Management Means for Employees and Unions. The Journal of Industrial Relations, 44(3), 359-375. Brown, C., Reich, M. (1997). Micro-Macro Linkages in High Performance Employment Systems. Organizational Studies, 18(5), 765-781. Danford, A. (2004). High Performance Work Systems and Workplace Partnership: A Case Study of Aerospace Workers. New Technology, Work and Employment, 19(1), 14-29. Forth, J., Millward, N. (2004). High-Involvement Management and Pay in BritainÃ¢â¬â¢, Industrial Relations, 43(1), 98-119. Fuertes, M., Sanchez, F. (2003). High-Involvement Practices in Human Resource Management: Concept and Factors that Motivate their Adoption. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 14(4), 511-529. Handel, J., Gittleman, M. (2004). Is There a Wage Pay-off to Innovative Work Practices? Industrial Relations, 43(1), 67-97. Harmon, J., (2003). Effects of High-Involvement Work Systems on Employee Satisfa ction and Service Costs in Veteran Healthcare. Journal of Health Management, 48(16), 393-418. Thompson, P. (2003). Disconnected Capitalism: Or Why Employers Cannot Keep Their Side of the Bargain. Work Employment and Society, 17(2), 359-378. Whitefield, K., Poole, M. (1997). Organizing Employment for High Performance: Theories, Evidence, and Policy. Organization Studies, 18(5), 745-764. This report on Performance Management Analysis was written and submitted by user Kimber A. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Saturday, March 7, 2020
Cave Art Essays - Art Of The Upper Paleolithic, Chauvet Cave Cave Art Cave ART At the foot of a cliff in the Ardche Gorges, in south-eastern France, amateur speleologists discovered the world's oldest painted prehistoric cave. Discovered on December 18, 1994, this cave features art that dates back thirty-one thousand years. Jean-Marie Chauvet, Eliette Brunel-Deschamps and Christian Hillaire, were the amateurs who discovered the cave that has come to be known simply as the Chauvet cave. The explorers were in Vallon-Pont-d'Arc, France some thirty feet below ground. While exploring a cave, they were intrigued by a draft of air. They followed the draft to the source and discovered a cavity. This cavity then led to a vast network of galleries and rooms. The explorers were amazed. As they began to take a closer look, they saw columns of calc-spar, minerals in the walls, bones of bears. Suddenly, Eliette saw the image of a small mammoth on the wall in front of her. The adventurers were astounded. The walls began to come alive with engravings and paintings in red ochre and black. Everywhere they turned, there were these paintings that stretched hundreds of yards. The discoverers could not believe their eyes. Before them, were some three hundred horses, rhinoceros, lions, buffalo, and mammoth. Some of the animals were alone, while some were drawn in packs. And finally, all of these paintings were awakened from thousands of years of deep sleep. Jean Clottes, a specialist in cave paintings, is commissioned to appraise the cave. He was able to verify that this was genuine Paleolithic art. Everything was authentic and perfectly preserved. Now, all that needs to be done is determine the age of these masterpieces. Six months later, carbon 14 dating analysis showed that one buffalo and two rhinoceros were no less than 31,000 years old. Suddenly, the cave paintings at Vallon-Pont-d'Arc found themselveds promoted to the rack of the oldest known cave paintings to date. The Ministry of Culture is quoted as saying that these datings have revolutionized hitherto accepted concepts on the appearance of art and its development, and prove that homo sapiens learnt to draw at a very early stage. Not only was there art found, but there was also many clues to the activities of primitive man. Charcoal, sediment extraction points, sharpened flint stones, and imprints were among some of the clues founds. The Chauvet cave is the discovery of a lif etime. It has provided many insights into the world of primitive art. It is truly a magnificent wonder of the world. Bibliography none
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Music paper - Essay Example atthews band applies tragic irony, paradox that is representational and imagery in a bid to express the infinite struggle by human beings in pursuit of joy and the horrific occurrences underlying the extent of discontent in the society (Wvu.edu). Additionally, the MatthewÃ¢â¬â¢s band inculcates multiple techniques in order to express their notions. They apply the concealed devices that allude to the other techniques through the entire masterpiece. They apply paradoxical statements, irony and oxymoron to expound on their notions. In a bid to express a contradictory notion, the band inculcates ironic imagery, paradox and mood departure as a refrain to express their sentiments in the song (Hayes). Notably, the application of imagery in the song kicks off in the beginning of the song where a picture of kids lying in a magnificent park on a beautiful day with sun shining on the grass is displayed. Then, the imagery translates immediately to that of a siren blaring and a house blazing (Wvu.edu). This notion of imagery is purely ironic since a listener does not imagine of houses blazing and a beautiful day occurring consecutively. The emergent contrast between the two instances is pertinent. Another instance of ironic imagery is in the 3rd verse where two different people are involved, one enjoying a meal and the other starving. The eventual instance of ironic imagery is the one in the sixth verse where it espouses a kid trekking ten miles to school while another drops out (Lildrizzle). Mood is somehow a longer lasting emotion or feeling that differs from simple feelings in that they are not as intense and specific. The refrain inculcates a mood departure by altering the melody and the notions depicted in the song, comparing them to the present day life (Wvu.edu). The refrain happens both in the middle and towards the end of the song. It alters the mood completely since the music increases tempo and the words are projected closer together for the need of implying that